(Sumerian, "Tree of Life") The Enuma Elish has been compared to the Genesis creation narrative. Some writers trace the story of Esther to Babylonian roots.

The face of Ur-Namma


Gilgamesh & Enkidu Slaying Humbaba Basalt Relief. From Palace of King Kapara at Tell Halaf, Syria. 10th-9th centuries BCE.

Relief with Two Heroes


Cylinder Seal Sumer circa 2300 B.C.

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Vikki Taylor

*Bas-relief of Gilgamesh from 8th century BC, Gilgamesh was king in Uruk of Mesopotamia which is now modern day Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey. The Epic of Gilgamesh was found in the ruins. Also, records of ancient aliens exist on the Summerian, Mesopotamia tablets.



Assur relief 10th-6th century BC, depicting a tower with defenders. Assyrians attack the Jewish fortified town of Lachish (battle 701 BCE). Part of a relief from the palace of Sennacherib at Niniveh, Mesopotamia (Iraq).

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Mesopotamian Cylinder Seal, circa 2350-2150 BC

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Babylonian Tree of Life (Mesopotamian Tree of Life) In Babylonian mythology, the Tree of Life was a magical tree that grew in the center of paradise. The Apsu, or primordial waters, flowed from its roots. It is the prototype of the tree described in Genesis: the biblical Tree of Paradise evolved directly from this ancient symbol; it is the symbol from which the Egyptian, Islamic, and Kabbalistic Tree of Life concepts originated.

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In addition to the inscription, this ancient stele depicts King Nebuchadnezzar II standing beside a ziggurat he built at Babylon. The tower is dedicated to the god Marduk. This is one of only four known depictions of Nebuchadnezzar known to exist, and the best preserved. Currently owned by the The Schoyen Collection.

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Main staircase of the Ziggurat of Ur, Iraq I Founded: Approximately 21st century BC

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The 3,000 year old Nimrud lens was discovered at the palace of Nimrud, in Iraq. Some experts believe the lens was part of an ancient telescope the Babylonians used, hence their advanced knowledge of astronomy.

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"Sacred Tree" Detail from a Stone relief from the throne room of Ashurnasirpal II | Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Iraq | Neo-Assyrian, 870–860 BC | Click on the image url to see the full image

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The Epic of Atrahasis is the fullest Mesopotamian account of the Great Flood. The text is known from several versions: two written by Assyrian scribes (one in the Assyrian, one in the Babylonian dialect), the third one (on three tablets) was written during the reign of king Ammi-saduqa of Babylonia (1647-1626 BCE).

Epic of Atrahasis


Nippur Map 1400 BCE. The oldest known map ever found. This ancient clay tablet is dated to the 14th-13th century BCE, and on it is inscribed a map of the countryside around the Mesopotamian city of Nippur, located in the middle of the southern Mesopotamia floodplain, near the modern city of Diwaniyah. The inscription on the tablet is in cuneiform.

Collectible Antique Maps


The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. Dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (circa 2100 BC), it is often regarded as the first great work of literature. The literary history of Gilgamesh begins with five Sumerian poems about 'Bilgamesh' (Sumerian for 'Gilgamesh'), king of Uruk. These independent stories were later used as source material for a combined epic. The first surviving version of this combined epic, known as the "Old Babylonian" version, dates to the 18th cen...

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This piece is made of ivory, comes from Nimrud and dates to approximately 800 BC.

ALL MESOPOTAMIA — "his last piece shows a man carrying an animal,...


The Sumerians myths speak of aliens who traveled through space in 'boats' or 'craft of fire', descending from the stars and returning to the stars.

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Sumerian Terracotta Eye Idol, ca. 3500 BCE

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The Love Song for Shu-Sin - Sumerian, 2025 BC is the world's oldest love poem. Translation to English here: https://www.reddit.com/r/ArtefactPorn/comments/341v7d/world_oldest_love_poem_sumerian_nippur_2000/

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Clay nail , neo-sumerian, 2100 B.C.

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Sumerian counting tokens

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Female figure, made of gypsum, with a gold mask that stood at a temple altar in Nippur, c. 2700 BCE

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Sumerian cuneiform-inscribed baked clay coins C.2900BC The National Museum, Baghdad

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A cuneiform tablet from Nippur in Iraq dated to 2000 BC indicates the names of strings on the lyre and represents the earliest known example of music notation. Although these tablets were fragmentary, these tablets represent the earliest melodies found anywhere in the world.

10 Earliest Known Musical Instruments


Sumerian: The Flood Tablet

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Vikki Taylor

The Flood Tablet. This is perhaps the most famous of all cuneiform tablets. It is the eleventh tablet of the Gilgamesh Epic, and describes how the gods sent a flood to destroy the world. Like Noah, Utnapishtim was forewarned and built an ark to house and preserve living things. After the flood he sent out birds to look for dry land.

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