Palace of the Popes Avignon France
For about 100 years this was the home of the Popes. There was a lot of unrest & dangerous conditions in the Vatican in Rome & when the cardinals elected Frenchman Clement V, as Pope in 1305, he declined to move to Rome. In 1309 he moved his court to the papal enclave at Avignon. 9 popes reigned at Avignon; most were French & they increasingly fell under the influence of the French Crown. This schism of the Catholic Church was finally resolved in 1417.