In 1971, the Type 4 411 is sold in the U.S. and is replaced by 414 in 1972 as VW's largest passenger vehicle with the largest engine. The car retains VW's trademark air-cooled, rear placement, rear-wheel drive boxer engine with a front/rear weight distribution of 45/55% and forward cargo storage. It also introduces design and engineering departures for the company, including unibody construction, a completely flat passenger area floor and suspension using control arms and MacPherson struts.
The Type 3, first introduced at the 1961 Frankfurt Motor Show, launches in the U.S. It follows the Type 1, utilizing a low-profile version of Volkswagen's rear-engine, 4-cylinder air-cooled engine as well as body-on-chassis construction while featuring ponton in contrast to the Type 1's articulated fender and running board styling.
The Volkswagen Karmann Ghia is a 2+2 coupe and convertible marketed from 1955 to 1974. It combines the chassis and mechanicals of the Type 1 (Beetle), styling by Luigi Segre of the Italian carrozzeria Ghia, and hand-built bodywork by German coach-builder Karmann.