The Shen is a hieroglyphic representation of a coiled rope. It dates back to ancient Mesopotamia, where it was an emblem of divinity: The shen is often found in depictions of Egyptian deities, pharaohs, and other important persons. Where it appears surrounding a name, it signifies that the person named is under divine protection, and is called a shenu.
The Rub el Hizb is a Muslim symbol, represented as two overlapping squares, which is found on a number of emblems and flags. In Arabic, Rubʻ means "one fourth, quarter", while Hizb means a group or party. Initially, it was used in the Quran, which is divided into 60 Hizb (60 groups of roughly equal length); the symbol determines every quarter of Hizb, while the Hizb is one half of a juz'. The main purpose of this dividing system is to facilitate recitation of the Qur'an.
The Djed Pillar, conceptualized as the Spine of Osiris, which was traditionally raised at the completion of the annual Rites of Osiris in ancient Egypt, in order to re-establish the right connection between the earth and the sky. The raising of the Djed pillar in the ancient rites of Osiris not only memorialize that connection, but by comparing the human spine to the world axis suggests that the human body and the cosmic body are analagous, an idea mirrored in the Kabbala.
Shen ring and cartouche - The shen ring and cartouche were symbols that represented eternal protection for the pharaoh, and all that the pharaoh ruled. Not only did the shen represent a protective perimeter around the pharaoh, it represented a protective perimeter around the pharaoh's royal buildings including the temples and his tomb.
The ankh is an ancient Egyptian symbol of life. Also known as an Ansata (latin; handle) cross, it is a visual representation of a sandal strap. The horizontal and vertical bars of the lower tau cross represent the feminine and masculine energy, respectively. This combination of male and female symbols (the cross and circle) in the ankh suggest fertility and creative power. The top loop also symbolises the sun on the horizon, and suggests reincarnation and rebirth.