Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro (21 March 1846 - 23 January 1905) was a Portuguese artist known for his illustration, caricatures, sculpture and ceramics designs, and is considered the first Portuguese comics creator.
José Vital Branco Malhoa (1855 - 1933) was a Portuguese painter, designer and teacher. At age 12 he joined the School of Fine Arts and in all the years won first prize due to its enormous faculties and artistic quality. He was a pioneer of naturalism in Portugal but stood out as one of the Portuguese painters that was closest of the current Impressionist art. In 1933, the year of his death, was created the museum José Malhoa in Caldas da Rainha.