Stanisław Skalski DSO, DFC and two Bars (27 November 1915 – 12 November 2004) was a Polish fighter ace of the Polish Air Force in World War II, later rising to the rank of Generał Brygady. Stanisław Skalski was the top Polish fighter ace of WW II and the first Allied fighter ace of the war, credited, according to official list, with 18 11/12 victories and two probable. Some sources, including Skalski himself, give a number of 22+ victories.(Colorised by Tomek Iwanowski from Poland)
Henk Drogt served as a policeman during WW2 when he was ordered in 1943 to round up Jews in the city of Groningen, in the north of the country. He refused and joined the Dutch resistance, helping many Allied pilots who were shot down escape and get back to Britain. In August 1943 he was arrested and later executed by the Nazis. His son received in his father's name on September 22, 2008, Israel's highest honor for people who rescued Jews from the Holocaust, the Righteous Among the Nations.
It was called “The July 20 Plot,” because it was set for July 20, 1944. Led by a small group of disgruntled German officers unhappy with the direction the war was taking, the plan was to kill Hitler, take over the military, and sue for peace. Lt. Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist, the last member of the conspiracy to kill Adolf Hitler, died on March 8, 2013 at the age of 90.
Artillery from the Soviets began to fall on Berlin. 20 April 1945. Hitler had a brief 56th birthday celebration and was then urged by his generals to head south. Refusing, he instead set up a northern command under Dönitz & a southern command under Kesselring. Hitler would be dead 10 days later...