Labor History: July
Labor history for the month of July
Labor History: July
- 50 Pins
July 30, 2001: Facing demands by foreign investors in the middle of a recession, the government of Argentina’s proposed austerity bill is passed, which includes slashing state salaries and some pension by up to 13%. The economic crisis continued to deteriorate for months and by December major unions called for a general strike.
Kolapsu Argentiny, Buenos Aires Argentina, Includes Slashing, December Major, Facing Demands, December 20, Ekonomického Kolapsu
Jak přežít ekonomický kolaps aneb Lekce z ekonomického kolapsu Argentiny.
Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires, Argentina, December 20, 2001
July 30, 2001
July 24, 1941: When their pay was shorted, 700 workers at Canada’s largest aluminum plant in Arvida, Quebec, walk off the job in an illegal (because the industry had been classified as essential to the war effort) strike. The next day, the strike spread to 4,500 workers, who occupied the plant. Work resumed several days later and negotiations began, with the union as intermediary, assisted by federal conciliators.
Federal Conciliators, Labor History, July 24, Largest Aluminum, Negotiations Began, 4 500 Workers, Aluminum Plant, 700 Workers
July 24, 1941
July 23, 1877: Anti-Chinese nativist agitators at a huge outdoor rally in San Francisco about the economic depression and unemployment organized by the Workingmen’s Party of the United States incite a two-day riot of ethnic violence against Chinese workers, resulting in four deaths and the destruction of property. Five years later, President Chester Arthur signed the federal Chinese Exclusion Act, prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers.
American Presidents, Chester Arthur, U.S. Presidents, States, Arthur Signed, Chinese Exclusion, Anti Chinese Nativist, Chinese Laborers
July 23, 1877
July 21, 1978: A wildcat strike begins by postal workers at the New Jersey Bulk and Foreign Mail Center in an attempt to nullify the tentative national contract agreement between the postal unions and the United States Postal Service. The conflict spread until eventually 4,750 postal workers were on strike nationwide.
Eventually 4 750, Jersey Bulk, 4 750 Postal, Labor History, Conflict Spread, States, July 21, Foreign Mail, Contract Agreement
July 21, 1978
July 11, 1936: After seven years of construction, the Triborough Bridge opens in New York City, connecting the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx, and Queens. 2,700 construction workers worked on the $60 million project, financed in part through the Public Works Administration through much of the Great Depression.
Triborough Bridge, New York City, Bridges, Usa, Bridge Opens, Construction Workers
Anniversary of the completion of the Triborough Bridge in NY.
Building the Triborough Bridge
July 11, 1936
July 8, 1905: The founding convention of the Industrial Workers of the World concludes in Chicago. Founding member William “Big Bill” Haywood addressed the convention: “This is the Continental Congress of the working-class. We are here to confederate the workers of this country into a working-class movement that shall have for its purpose the emancipation of the working-class from the slave bondage of capitalism.”
July 7, 1998: A two-day general strike called by a coalition of 60 unions shuts down most of Puerto Rico. More than half a million people participated in the walkout, supporting striking telephone workers and protesting plans to privatize the telephone company. It was the largest work stoppage in the island’s history.
My Port, Puertorican Power, My Flag, Island Puerto Rico, Flag Of, Rican Pride, Puerto Ricooooo, 4Th Of July, Puerto Rican
What Is The 4th Of July To A Puerto Rican? by vagabond © #nothingtobegainedhere
What Is The 4th Of July To A Puerto Rican?
Punos y bandera de PR
July 7, 1998
July 6, 1988: Explosions and the resulting fire on the Piper Alpha offshore oil drilling platform in the North Sea kill 165 oil workers and two crewmen of a rescue vessel. An inquiry found the operator, Occidental, guilty of having inadequate maintenance and safety procedures, but no criminal charges were ever brought against the company.
Alpha Offshore, North Sea, Offshore Oil, Labor History, Inadequate Maintenance, Kill 165, Criminal Charges
July 6, 1988
July 26, 1990: President George H.W. Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act, a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, like many business organizations, opposed the law, arguing that the costs of the ADA would be “enormous” and have a “disastrous impact on many small businesses struggling to survive.”
Disabilities, Civil Rights, Change, Ableism Disability Rights, People
St. Louis Rally - "Fix the System, Not Me." [follow this link to find a short video and analysis of how discourses on disability are being disrupted but don't go nearly far enough: http://www.thesociologicalcinema.com/1/post/2014/01/building-manichean-bodies-the-problem-with-those-disabled-mannequins.html]
Policy changes leading to greater access have not occurred spontaneously. It has taken years for the rights of people with disabilities to be recognized. For decades, activists have advocated for the removal of barriers so that people with disabilities can participate fully in society. This advocacy has often taken the form of civil disobedience.
"Fixing" the Disability (How cool is this...I pinned this before realizing I work for Bethesda! Makes me proud to be an employee!)
For many activists, the fight for the rights of people with disabilities centers on changing the attitudes of society and removing barriers, not “fixing” the person with a disability.
"Fixing" the Disability. Our society seriously has this backwards. We need to be advocates and speak up, teaching people that a disability does not mean that someone is less capable or even less of a person. They most certainly are not broken.
This pin could relate to both the medical and social model. The part of the women’s placard which says ‘fix the system’ could relate to accessibility issues and other barriers. Whereas the ‘not me’ part of the placard makes me think fix what? Yes she’s in a wheelchair but why is bad? It’s not her fault. Martin (2012) states that the medical model is all about fixing the problem (the disability) because it is seen as wrong compared to other individuals.
"Fixing" the Disability ????
July 26, 1990 | Today in Labor History
July 19, 1848: The first ever women’s rights convention convenes in Seneca Falls, New York, with almost 200 women in attendance, calling for equal rights and suffrage. A local newspaper’s response: “This bolt is the most shocking and unnatural incident ever recorded in the history of womanity. If our ladies will insist on voting and legislating, where, gentlemen, will be our dinners and our elbows? Where our domestic firesides and the holes in our stockings?”
Women Rights, Convention Seneca, Falls Convention, Convention 1848, Convention July, Seneca Falls, July 19
Public announcement of the first US Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls, July 19 & 20, 1848
Call to SF convention Seneca County Courier July 11 1848small
announcing the Seneca Falls Convention (1848)
Women's Rights Convention July 19 & 20 1848
July 19, 1848 | Today in Labor History
July 18, 1969: A 113-day strike by hospital workers in Charleston, South Carolina ends. In March, after two years of local organizing efforts, the workers established the first hospital union branch in the country, Local 1199B of the National Health Care Workers’ Union, and went on strike over discriminatory practices, unequal pay, institutional harassment, and widespread racism.
Hospital Union, Carolina Ends, Discriminatory Practices, Health Care, Hospital Workers, 113 Day Strike, Care Workers, Charleston South Carolina
Today in Labor History
July 17, 1981: 3,500 miners in the Cape Breton Island coal fields in Nova Scotia, Canada, go on strike over wages. It was the first strike since nationalization of the mines in 1967. The bitter strike was settled in October, with a tentative agreement that raised wages 50 percent over two years.
Bitter Strike, Bleeding Coal, 50 Percent, 3 500 Miners, Coal Fields, Island Coal, Cape Breton
Today in Labor History
July 14, 1912: Folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie is born in Okemah, Oklahoma. Author of “This Land Is Your Land,” “Worried Man Blues,” “Union Maid,” and other American classics, Woody crisscrossed the nation, living and singing among the dispossessed during the Great Depression.
Woody Guthrie, Singer Songwriter Woody, Artist Aaron, Folk Icon
Local artist Aaron Whisner won the competition to paint a mural of Okemah’s folk icon, Woody Guthrie. The mural covers the west side of the Tulsa Paper Company Building, which houses the Woody Guthrie Center in the Brady Arts District.
A mural of Woody Guthrie with the title of his most famous song emblazoned across the top guides visitors to the Woody Guthrie Center in downtown Tulsa | View photo - Yahoo! News
Woody Guthrie : l’Amérique aux semelles de vent
July 14, 1912 | Today in Labor History
July 12, 1933: The Screen Actors Guild is incorporated in downtown Los Angeles in response to the film industry’s exploitation of actors, which included unrestricted hours of work, no meal breaks, unbreakable multi-year contracts, and governance over actors’ public and personal lives.
Multi Year Contracts, July 12, Downtown Los Angeles, Unbreakable Multi Year, Included Unrestricted, Industry S Exploitation, Film Industry S
July 12, 1933 | Today in Labor History
July 10, 1917: The London-based Co-operative Women’s Guild mourns the death of Harriet Ann Kidd, donating a headstone for her work on behalf of working class women. Kidd began working at age 10 in the silk mills in Leek, Staffordshire, and became a life-long activist around suffrage and women’s rights at work.
Harriet Ann, Kidd Began, Guild Mourns, Ann Kidd, July 10, Class Women, Age 10
Today in labor history, July 10, 1917: The London-based Co-operative Women’s Guild mourns the death of Harriet Ann Kidd, donating a headstone for her work on behalf of working class women. Kidd began working at age 10 in the silk mills in Leek, Staffordshire, and became a life-long activist around suffrage and women’s rights at work.
July 10, 1917 | Today in Labor History
July 8, 1867: In response to the 1865 eight-hour day mandate for city employees, employers in San Francisco form the Ten-Hour Association. The association created the Ten-Hour League Society, whose goal was to unite all workers “willing to work at the old rates, neither unjust to the laborers nor ruinous to the capital and enterprise of the city and state, together with all Master Builders and Master Workmen and Capitalists injured by the Eight-Hour rule.” Their efforts failed.
Hour Work, Happy Labor, Labor History, Unions Protect, Union Posters, Back To Work, Labor Unions, Holiday Weekend
Addicting Info – 5 Reasons Why We Love Labor Unions And Need Them More Than Ever
Vintage Labor Day | Enjoy your holiday weekend -- then back to work we go!
5 Reasons Why We Love Labor Unions And Need Them More Than Ever labor day
Union Poster Campaigning for Eight Hour Work Day #UniteBlue
Union poster campaiging for an Eight Hour Day
July 8, 1867 | Today in Labor History
July 6, 1889: Striking laborers employed by contractors on street and sewer improvements in Duluth, Minnesota, attempt to break through the police presence protecting scabs doing their work. The police opened fire and a gun battle ensued that resulted in the deaths of four workers and a bystander; many more were seriously wounded. The state militia was called in and drove the workers back with fixed bayonets. Strike leaders were arrested and the police who participated were given gold medals.
Transport Workers, Striking Laborers, Labor History, Labor Notes, Death, Gun Battle, Laborers Employed
Open Letter To Paul Bigman And Labor Notes From Jack Heyman | Transport Workers Solidarity Committee
Today in Labor History
July 5, 1888: 1,500 workers go on strike at the Bryant and May match factory in London after management fires two people suspected of providing information that led to an expose about the appalling working conditions in the factory. The women and girls were subjected to fourteen-hour days, low pay, excessive fines, and the severe health complications of working with white phosphorus. The strike was quickly settled; in 1908 the British government banned the use of white phosphorus in matches.
Bryant, Girls Strike, Article, Girls 1888, Match Girls, Box Girls, 1 500 Workers, Fire
Ripper Street | On 23rd June 1888, Beasant wrote an article in her newspaper, The article, entitled White Slavery in London, complained about the way the women at Bryant & May were being treated. The company reacted by attempting to force their workers to sign a statement that they were happy with their working conditions. When a group of women refused to sign, the organisers of the group was sacked. The response was immediate; 1400 of the women at Bryant & May went on strike.
match box girls strike 1888 - Google Search
match sticks girl strike - Google Search
match girls 1888
July 5, 1888 | Today in Labor History
July 4, 1930: Delegates at a National Conference of the Unemployed in Chicago form the Unemployed Councils. The Councils were instrumental in resisting evictions of unemployed workers and in organizing unemployed strikes to pressure state and local governments to expand relief aid and relief work during the Great Depression.
Organizing Unemployed, Unemployed Workers, Chicago Form, Relief Aid, Labor History, Pressure State, Expand Relief, National Conference
Today in Labor History
July 3, 1901: Striking hard rock miners in Telluride, Colorado, confront scabs at the mine. A gun battle ensued, resulting in three deaths and six injuries. Later that day, the striking miners rounded up the scabs and ordered them to leave the county. The strike was settled three days later when the mine owners agreed the miners’ demands for $3/day and an eight-hour day.
Miners Rounded, Gun Battle, Striking Miners, Rock Miners, Three Deaths
July 3, 1901 | Today in Labor History
July 1, 2010: After six years of organizing by domestic workers, the New York state legislature passes the Domestic Workers Bill of Rights, providing them with labor protections such as vacation and overtime pay, protection from discrimination and harassment, and inclusion of part-time workers in disability laws.
Disability Laws, Labor History, Domestic Workers, York, Bill Of Rights, Labor Protections, Overtime Pay
Today in Labor History
July 16, 1892: Labor leader, socialist, and editor Frank Crosswaith is born. Crosswaith worked to organize black workers, serving as chair of the Harlem Labor Center and Negro Labor Committee for many years. He also worked as an organizer for the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union for over thirty years. Crosswaith died in 1965.
Car, Chair, African Americans, American History, Frank Crosswaith, Labor Leader, American Labor, Black History
Labor leader, socialist, and editor Frank Crosswaith worked to organize black workers, serving as chair of the Harlem Labor Center and Negro Labor Committee for many years. He also worked as an organizer for the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union for over thirty years. Crosswaith died in 1965.
A soldier of Black labor, Frank Crosswaith Date: Sat, 1892-07-16 On this date in 1892, Frank Crosswaith was born. He was an African American labor union organizer and political activist.
U.S. Virgin Islands, St. Croix (Frank Crosswaith)
Frank Crosswaith 1892: Labor leader, socialist
July 16, 1892 | Today in Labor History
July 4, 1950: The Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention – one of eight conventions adopted by the International Labour Organization (ILO) that form the core of international labor law – goes into effect. As of 2013, 152 out of 183 ILO member states have ratified the convention; the United States has yet to ratify this convention.
Ilo Member, Labor Law, Labour Organization, Conventions Adopted, 183 Ilo, Big Bags, Member States
07-04-1950 - The Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention – one of eight conventions adopted by the International Labour Organization (ILO) that form the core of international labor law – goes into effect. As of 2013, 152 out of 183 ILO member states have ratified the convention; the United States has yet to ratify this convention.
Take the Big Bag
July 31, 1999: The Great Shipyard Strike of 1999 ends after steelworkers at Newport News Shipbuilding Inc. ratify a breakthrough agreement which nearly doubles pensions, increases security, ends inequality, and provides the highest wage increases in company and industry history to nearly 10,000 workers. The strike lasted over 16 weeks.
Chinese Tire, Tire News, Steelworkers Usw, Labor History, Adjunct Group, Mills Steelworkers, Labor Unions, United Steelworkers
United Steelworkers come out supporting #IranDeal. Say rejection would increase energy costs & hurt US manufacturing http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/usw-voices-support-of-proposed-nuclear-agreement-with-iran-300122853.html
NICE USW Lauds Mine Expansion at Minntac, Minnesota Ore Operations http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnc/20080131/DC12982LOGO MINNEAPOLIS, Sept. 11, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The United Steelworkers (USW) today welcomed the news that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Army Corp of Engineers will approve mine expansion at USS Minnesota Ore Operations, Minn... http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/usw-lauds-mine-expansion-at-minntac-minnesota-ore-operations-274781791.html
#occupy #ows #p2 #p21 #tlot #tcot #teaparty #union #iww USW Oil Workers Strike After Shell Leaves Talks http://wisaflcio.org/index.cfm?action=article&articleID=392AE40A-13CC-4AFA-B406-06226343EF55 Some 3,800 members of the United Steelworkers (USW) are on strike at nine refineries operated by Shell, Marathon, Tesoro and LyondellBasell after Shell, the lead company in the National... RELATED VIDEO: https://www.linktv.org/programs/richard-wolff-democracy-in-action-the-cure-for-capitalism
Some senators support USW call for duties vs. Chinese tires: tirebusiness.com
USW, Chinese tire maker reps tangle at ITC hearing
July 31, 1999
July 29, 1970: After five years of strikes and boycotts, table grape growers in California sign their first collective bargaining agreement with the United Farm Workers. The contract—which covered over 10,000 workers—ended labor contracting and established seniority and hiring rights; included an immediate wage increase; and provided for fresh water and toilets in the fields, and a medical plan.